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区块链技术概述(Blockchain Technology Overview) NIST.IR_.8202


Blockchains are tamper evident and tamper resistant digital ledgers implemented in a distributed fashion (i.e., without a central repository) and usually without a central authority (i.e., a bank, company, or government). At their basic level, they enable a community of users to record transactions in a shared ledger within that community, such that under normal operation of the blockchain network no transaction can be changed once published. This document provides a high-level technical overview of blockchain technology. The purpose is to help readers understand how blockchain technology works.


blockchain; consensus model; cryptocurrency; cryptographic hash function; asymmetric-key cryptography; distributed ledger; distributed consensus algorithm; proof of work; proof of stake; round robin; proof of authority; proof of identity; proof of elapsed time; soft fork, hard fork; smart contracts; data oracle.